Lighting Design & Specification

June 21, 2021

LDS SSL IEA report 400A new report by the IEA 4E Solid State Lighting Annex provides a look across the body of literature on lifetime definitions for LEDs and LED products. The reports looks at failure mechanisms, accelerated life tests and test methods for estimating lifetime, and provides some recommendations. There is currently no agreement as to which test method can best estimate the lifetime of LED lighting products and the report thus addresses a key issue for regulators and industry interested in deployment of LED technologies.

Lighting plays an essential part in everyday life, enabling people to extend their working day, improve their quality of life and expand the productivity of our workforces. However, lighting accounts for approximately 15% percent of global electricity end-use, which comes with a heavy climate and environmental impact. However, while the demand for energy services continues to grow, lighting represent one of the few areas where the energy use has been reduced globally over the last decade. This is thanks to LED technologies, which is rapidly taking over as the preferred lighting technology.

LED lighting offers many advantages such as lower energy consumption, better quality light, improved optical performance and longer lifetime than conventional lighting products. And, even though many lighting test standards have been published, there isn’t agreement as to which test method can best estimate the lifetime of LED lighting products.

Today’s reportLiterature Summary of Lifetime Testing of Light Emitting Diodes and LED Products, seeks to address this issue, by survey and summarise the literature, and make some recommendations as to which approach is best. The report draws a clear distinction between the two types of LED product failure: (1) Catastrophic failure and (2) Parametric failure.

Failure Modes

Catastrophic failure represents a change in the LED lighting system that results in sudden cessation of light output from the LED system, such as a failure in a soldered joint in the driver.  Parametric failure is characterised as a gradual change over time until the LED product is no longer producing acceptable light.  This could include for example, gradual reduction in light output or a shift in the colour of the light produced.

“Lifetime testing is a critical aspect of overall product testing for LED products,” said Professor Georges Zissis, Chair of the SSL Annex’s Management Committee and representative from France. “This report was prepared for us by the experts at the Lighting Research Centre in New York, USA and it offers a high-level summary of all the recent lifetime literature and failure mechanisms, giving guidance on which approach is deemed most effective today.”

The study found that most lifetime test method standards in use presently consider only parametric failure, the light output maintenance of the LED product. However, studies have shown that lighting products in applications can fail parametrically or catastrophically, and the literature suggests that LED system lifetime depends on both the application environment and the use pattern. Taken together, these conditions cause high LED junction temperature (which degrades the components surrounding the chip and leads to parametric failure) and thermal stress at the interconnects (which results in broken connections and leads to catastrophic failure). The study concludes therefore that to accurately estimate the life of LED lighting systems, the test method and the experiment setup must have the ability to change the environmental conditions and the on-off switching pattern.

Recommended Pathways

The report concludes by recommending two potentially successful life test methods for LED lighting systems, one being the test method adopted by the European Commission Regulation (EU) 2019/2020 which establishes a long-duration switching cycle test method that combines lumen maintenance and switching cycles into one test method.  A second promising test method is one proposed by the Lighting Research Centre and formalised by the Alliance for Solid-State Illumination Systems and Technologies (ASSIST).  The LRC method has the added advantage that it can be used to predict LED system lifetime based on specified or expected environmental conditions and use patterns, although it does not consider the influence of relative humidity as an independent variable.

Go HERE to download a copy of the report

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Celebright Inc. RecallProduct: Celebright Lighting System

Issue: Consumer products - Electrical hazard

What to do: Immediately unplug the product and contact Celebright Inc. to have the product retrofitted with certified components.

This recall involves Celebright Lighting System identified by model number CLC-02 and a serial number range from 201001006 to 201003428.

Issue

The affected product does not meet CSA specification requirements, posing a safety/electrical hazard.

As of March 11, 2022, the company has received no reports of injuries or incidents in Canada

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Stack and Stack PrimeThe STACK Family is now complete! These four performance-tiered solutions were designed to help you win at every level, all while sharing a commitment to performance and versatility. By now you might already know the other members of the STACK Family, STACK Pack and STACK Switch, but it's time to officially meet the more configurable siblings, STACK and STACK Prime.

STACK is the namesake of the family. It is highly configurable and designed to be the next-generation lay-in luminaire from Lithonia Lighting®. The thin profile and integrated driver box make it great for restrictive plenum spaces. There are countless configurations available, including both wired and wireless embedded controls through our nLight® platform, or single room wireless controls with SensorSwitch™ JOT.  

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